There has been a lot of interest hCG hormone because it is being hailed as the new “miracle” drug for rapid weight loss. But very people really know what the hCG hormone is and what it does. This article is a comprehensive survey of what the hCG hormone is and how it works.
The hCG hormone is the human chorionic gonadotropin, a hormone produced during pregnancy. It is also known as the pregnancy hormone and becomes present in a female human body, specifically the placenta, when pregnancy occurs. This is to help the mother nourish the egg during early pregnancy. A blood test can first detect the presence of the hCG hormone as early as 11 days after becoming pregnant. The hCG hormone levels naturally doubles every 3 days until sometime in the 11th week of pregnancy when it tapers off and then levels to 117,000 mIU/ml until delivery.
Structure and function of the hCG hormone
In terms of structure and function, the hCG hormone is a glycoprotein composed of 2 sub-units composed of amino acids and gonadotropin. They form a water-repelling core with a water-soluble outer surface. The hCG hormone assists in nourishing the fertilized egg by causing progesterone to be released by encouraging the presence of corpus luteum in the ovaries. The progesterone causes the placenta’s wall to thicken with blood supply in preparation for the fetus. Because the hCG hormone has a high negative charge, it protects the fetus in the first three months from rejection by the mother’s immune system by repelling the immune cells. The levels of the hCG hormone is also thought to be directly related to the severity of morning sickness.
The hCG hormone is similar in structure and composition to the luteinizing hormone, which is used to encourage ovulation in females, as well as improve the production of testosterone in males. This is why the hCG hormone has been approved for use in fertility treatments by the Food and Drug Administration. The hCG hormone can be extracted from the urine of pregnant women.
Aside from fertility treatment, the hCG hormone has other uses. The gonadotropin component in the hCG hormone makes it a reliable test for some types of cancer which release the same substance. The hCG hormone is also thought to inhibit the transfer of the HIV-1 virus from an infected mother to the fetus in the first few months, making it possible to treat the mother before transmission occurs.
Controversial applications of the hCG hormone
Less admirably, the hCG hormone is often combined with anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS) to prevent shrinkage of the testes. A side effect of using AAS is atrophy of the testes, and those who use AAS inject the hCG hormone after, like a sort of chaser. But prolonged and intensive use of the hCG hormone can result in the cessation of testosterone production.
Recently, the flurry of attention on the hCG hormone is based on the revival of the hCG diet advocated by endocrinologist A.T.W. Simeons more than 60 years ago. The diet protocol includes a daily 125 IU intramuscular injection of the hCG hormone, which he believes suppresses the appetite and activates the burning of stored fat from problem areas. There is no definitive research to date that disproves Simeons’s theory about the hCG hormone.